• Paul Koigi The Nairobi Hospital; KOGS; FASK; Nairobi Fertility Clinic
  • Dr. Angela Anzeze Kenyatta National Hospital
  • Prof. Reuben Koigi Kamau University of Nairobi
  • Dr. Mary Kiria Koigi The Mater Hospital
  • Dr. Atul Patel THe Nairobi Hospital



obstetric comorbidities, Prognostic scoring index, Algorithmic response, Patient compliance, Management considerations


Background: Obstetric comorbidities significantly increase the risk of adverse obstetric outcomes
because of their association with complications that can occur suddenly and escalate rapidly.
Case presentation: A morbidly obese 26-year-old primigravida initially presented with first-trimester
bleeding. She consistently declined monitoring and was not adherent to the multidisciplinary treatment
plans despite serial counseling. This state persisted even when she was diagnosed with gestational
diabetes mellitus and preeclampsia. She incurred gross fetal macrosomia and was admitted at term for
induction of labor. By the third prostaglandin, there was overt fetal tachycardia that necessitated an
emergency cesarean delivery. Failed spinal anesthesia necessitated generalization. Access was
impeded by a massive panniculus, necessitating tape retraction to reveal the surgical site. A distressed
apneic baby was delivered, after which she developed an atonic uterus that necessitated uterine brace
suturing and intramyometrial PGF2α. The baby underwent therapeutic hypothermia. Postoperatively, she
was monitored and underwent repeated counseling.
Discussion: This patient was noncompliant to medication and monitoring, she had multiple interacting
comorbidities, and she ended up having an avoidable multiple near-miss. There is a need to develop an
obstetric comorbidity scoring index and validate it locally.
Conclusion: If guided by a logical algorithmic sequence of guided responses, the development and
application of a local risk and comorbidity scoring index may substantively reduce the risk of adverse
obstetric outcomes. This is vital if sustainable development goals are to be realized.

Author Biographies

Dr. Angela Anzeze, Kenyatta National Hospital

Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist at The Kenyatta National Hospital. Also a Private Practitioner at the Nelson Awori Building in Nairobi.

Prof. Reuben Koigi Kamau, University of Nairobi

Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist and Associate Professor, Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nairobi.

Dr. Mary Kiria Koigi, The Mater Hospital

Senior Registrar, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Dr. Atul Patel, THe Nairobi Hospital

Consultant Pediatrician, The Nairobi Hospital




How to Cite

Koigi, P., Anzeze, A., Koigi Kamau, R., Koigi, M. K., & Patel, A. (2024). MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF MULTIPLE OBSTETRIC COMORBIDITIES - A CASE REPORT. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Eastern and Central Africa, 36(1).